WolfBrown consultants author peer-reviewed papers for academic journals and other publications.

Why Making Music Matters

Carnegie Hall

In 2016, Dr. Dennie Palmer Wolf, working with musicians and staff at Carnegie Hall’s Weill Music Institute, published a booklet for families, “Why Making Music Matters.” The publication outlines  >>

Making Music, Promoting Development: The Power of Practice


A chapter by Dennie Palmer Wolf, Steven Holochwost, and Judith Hill Bose in the new volume, Music Learning As Youth Development. Music Learning as Youth Development explores how music education programs  >>

Book: The Routledge Companion to Music and Human Rights


The Routledge Companion to Music and Human Rights is a collection of case studies spanning a wide range of concerns about music and human rights in response to intensifying  >>

Save the Arts and Serve All the People

Joseph H. Kluger, Gary P. Steuer

May 16, 2020


Save the arts and serve all the people, restore OACCE and PCF budgets, Part 2 Although we understand the City of Philadelphia faces financial challenges from the coronavirus  >>

How Executive Directors and Boards Work Together: Part 1

Dr. Thomas Wolf

Updated on March 9, 2023 (Originally published January 02, 2014)


A Series of Case Studies from Effective Leadership for Nonprofit Organizations After many years of consulting, I came across a persistent problem in many organizations. Executive directors and boards  >>

Book: Routledge Companion to Audiences and the Performing Arts


Edited by Matthew Reason, Lynne Conner, Katya Johanson and Ben Walmsley The Routledge Companion to Audiences and the Performing Arts represents a truly multi-dimensional exploration of the interrelationships between audiences  >>

A Sector in Peril: Philanthropy’s Role in Responding to Covid-19

Alan Brown

March 26, 2020


Alan Brown I am indebted to Adrian Ellis, John Shibley, Tommer Peterson, Andrew Taylor, Ingrid Handeland, Shelley Cohn, Rebecca Thomas, John Carnwath, Megan Bander, Victoria Plettner-Saunders, Joe Kluger,  >>

How Executive Directors and Boards Work Together: Part 2

Dr. Thomas Wolf

Updated on March 9, 2023 (Originally published January 02, 2014)


A Series of Case Studies from Effective Leadership for Nonprofit Organizations After many years of consulting, I came across a persistent problem in many organizations. Executive directors and boards  >>

The Teacher You Want to Be: Essays about Children, Learning, and Teaching


Edited by Matt Glover and Ellin Olvier KeeneForeward by Alfie Kohn Dennie Palmer Wolf’s essay is one of 15 essays published in The Teacher You Want to Be: Essays  >>

Make the Anvil Theirs: When Poetry Meets Folklore

Journal of Folklore and Education

Taught in the light of folklore’s values of context, use, candor, imagination, and love, writing poems that notice, praise, and witness allows young people to forge language as  >>

Book: Managing a Nonprofit Organization (40th Anniversary Edition)

Dr. Thomas Wolf

July 19, 2022

Free Press

An essential and practical resource for the nonprofit field. Celebrating its fortieth anniversary, this classic is now updated for a new generation. Tens of thousands of staff members,  >>

How Executive Directors and Boards Work Together: Part 3

Dr. Thomas Wolf

Updated on March 9, 2023 (Originally published January 02, 2014)


A Series of Case Studies from Effective Leadership for Nonprofit Organizations After many years of consulting, I came across a persistent problem in many organizations. Executive directors and boards  >>

Audience Research Gone Wild

Participations, Journal of Audience & Reception Studies

This keynote address was delivered at the second Symposium of the International Network for Audience Research in the Performing Arts (iNARPA) on September 14, 2017, in Leeds, UK.  >>

Context is Key

Laura Nelson Darling, Dr. Steven John Holochwost, Dr. Jennifer Coffman, Dr. Cathi Propper, Nicholas Wagner

February 20, 2022

Developmental Psychobiology

Parasympathetic regulation in the classroom differentially predicts preschoolers’ socially comhttps://wolfbrown.local/wp-content/uploads/Milestones-and-Bridges-600-X-400-1-3.pngnt behaviors. Research shows that children’s early social comhttps://wolfbrown.local/wp-content/uploads/Milestones-and-Bridges-600-X-400-1-3.pngnce predicts their later academic and interpersonal success. Accordingly, early childhood  >>

Counting New Beans: Intrinsic Impact and the Value of Art

Alan Brown, Rebecca Ratzkin, Ben Cameron, Brad Erickson, Rebecca Novick, Arlene Goldbard, Clayton Lord, Diane Ragsdale 


Theatre Bay Area

This pioneering study on Intrinsic Impact was released by Theatre Bay Area. It represents a nationwide collective effort to measure the true value of art.   This groundbreaking book  >>

Book: Effective Leadership in Nonprofit Organizations

Dr. Thomas Wolf

January 02, 2014


How Executive Directors and Boards Work Together Managing a nonprofit organization has many challenges. One key to success is building a strong relationship between the executive director and  >>

Blog: Taking Note

National Endowment for the Arts

Parsing Rigor in Arts Education Studies Steven Holochwost offers his thoughts on rigor in arts education research in a blog post for the National Endowment for the Arts.Excerpt  >>

What Do Teachers Want?

Abigale Franco

February, 2023


SchoolCEO investigated the perspectives of teachers across five generations, from ages 20 to 80. They wanted to know what teachers of all ages look for in a job,  >>

Book: How to Connect with Donors and Double the Money You Raise

Dr. Thomas Wolf

October 6, 2021

Many nonprofits are constantly seeking out new donors to raise funds and meet fundraising goals. In the chase for those additional dollars, fundraisers and institutions often forget what’s  >>

Book: The Nightingale’s Sonata

Dr. Thomas Wolf

June 4, 2019

Pegasus Books

Spanning generations, from the shores of the Black Sea to the glittering concert halls of New York, The Nightingale’s Sonata is a richly woven tapestry centered around violin virtuoso  >>

Blog: The remarkable people, music, and rich history behind The Nightingale’s Sonata

Sign up for email announcements when new blog posts are published. Learn more about the remarkable people, music, and rich history behind The Nightingale’s Sonata. Access this blog.  >>

To the Rescue: Can Ailing Arts Organizations Turn Around?

Inside Arts

Inside Arts magazine September/October 2001 Stories of organizational crisis may differ in their details, but in our work as consultants dealing with organizations in trouble, we find that  >>

Book: And the Band Stopped Playing

Dr. Thomas Wolf, Nancy Glaze


Wolf, Keens & Company

The Rise and Fall of the San Jose Symphony Though this is a book about a specific orchestra in a particular city, it contains lessons for arts organizations  >>

Book: Presenting Performances – A Basic Handbook for the Twenty-First Century

Association of Performing Arts Presenters

This recently revised edition of an industry classic contains seven chapters devoted to discussion of presenting from several perspectives, including that of the community, the organization, the performer,  >>

Book: Musical Gifts or How a Maine Fishing Village Became a Center for Great Music

Dr. Thomas Wolf

May 15, 2011

Bay Chamber Concerts

How did a fishing village, famous for its great sailing ships, its lime kilns, and the purity of its winter ice become a center for great music? This  >>

Herding Cats and Cougars

William Keens

December 22, 2009

Dog Ear Publishing, LLC

How to Survive the Meeting You Are Running While Mastering the Art of Facilitation This unique, 48-page book written by William Keens is a practical guide to planning,  >>

Luboshutz & Nemenoff

Dr. Thomas Wolf

Summer 2022

Liner Notes

Piano-Duo Extraordinaire Pierre Luboshutz (1890–1971) and Genia Nemenoff (1905–1989) were, in many ways, very similar—musicians from Russian-Jewish backgrounds who had found success in America. But their differences were  >>

More light about each other: Theater education as a context for developing social awareness and relationship skills

Psychology of Aesthetics, Creativity, and the Arts

In this paper, we make the case that theater education can help children develop social awareness and relationship skills. Social awareness and relationship skills are two essential components  >>

Delineating the Benefits of Arts Education for Children’s Socioemotional Development

Dr. Steven John Holochwost, Dr. Dennie Palmer Wolf, Thalia R. Goldstein

May 13, 2021


In this paper, we make the case that as the study of arts education to continues to advance, we must delineate the effects of particular forms of arts  >>

Special Edition of the Arts Education Policy Review

Dr. Dennie Palmer Wolf, Jeff Poulin

February 2021

Arts Education Policy Review

In this special edition of Arts Education Policy Review (AEPR), Dr. Dennie Palmer Wolf and co-editor, Jeff Poulin of Creative Generation, bring together a variety of perspectives from  >>

Planting the Seeds: Orchestral Music Education as a Context for Fostering Growth Mindsets

Dr. Steven John Holochwost, Dr. Dennie Palmer Wolf, Judith Hill Bose, Elizabeth Stuk, Eleanor D. Brown, and Kate E. Anderson

January 27, 2021


Growth mindset is an important aspect of children’s socioemotional development and is subject to change due to environmental influence. Orchestral music education may function as a fertile context  >>

Active Music Engagement and Cortisol as an Acute Stress Biomarker

Dr. Steven John Holochwost, Sheri L. Robb, Amanda K. Henley, Kristin Stegenga, Susan M. Perkins, Kristen A. Russ, Seethal A. Jacob, David Delgado, Joan E. Haase, Caitlin M. Krater

November 2020

Published in Frontiers in Psychology

In Young Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant Patients and Caregivers: Results of a Single Case Design Pilot Study This paper reports the results of a single-case design pilot study  >>

The Arts and Socioemotional Development: Evaluating a New Mandate for Arts Education

Dr. Steven John Holochwost, Dr. Dennie Palmer Wolf, Kelly R. Fisher, Kelly O'Grady, Kristin M. Gagnier

October 26, 2017


Abstract In this chapter, we present the results of our assessment of the impacts of arts education on the development of socioemotional skills. For this inquiry, we collected  >>

Executive Functions: Formative Versus Reflective Measurement

Michael T. Willoughby, Dr. Steven John Holochwost, Zane E. Blanton, Clancy B. Blair


Taylor & Francis

Measurement: Interdisciplinary Research and Perspectives, Vol 12(3), Jul, 2014. pp.69-95. Publisher: Taylor & Francis  Abstract The primary objective of this article was to critically evaluate the routine use  >>

Music Education, Academic Achievement, and Executive Functions

Dr. Steven John Holochwost, Dr. Dennie Palmer Wolf, Cathi B. Propper, Michael T. Willoughby, Kelly R Fisher, Jacek Kolacz, Vanessa V Volpe, Sara R Jaffee


APA PsycNet

Abstract This study examined whether music education was associated with improved performance on measures of academic achievement and executive functions. Participants were 265 school-age children (Grades 1 through  >>

Building Creative Capital

“Creative capital is the network of understandings, values, activities, and relationships that individuals, organizations, and communities develop when they share what earlier generations have imagined and when they,  >>

Reading Reconsidered

Dr. Thomas Wolf

September 1977

Harvard Educational Review

During the last two centuries reading has come to refer almost exclusively to the interpretation of written material. In this article Thomas Wolf uses the etymology of the  >>

When Questions are our Best Answers: Responding to the Impact of COVID-19 on Community-based Arts Education Organizations

Dr. Dennie Palmer Wolf, Jeff M. Poulin

February 2, 2021

Arts Education Policy Review

A special issue of Arts Education Policy Review The details of the global COVID-19 pandemic centered on lockdowns, face masks, and video conferences. The larger impacts of the  >>

Making Music, Promoting Development: The Power of Practice

Dr. Dennie Palmer Wolf, Dr. Steven John Holochwost, Dr. Judith Hill Bose

May 30, 2019


Most arts education programs have focused on transmitting skills and proficiencies in their specific disciplines and graduating talented students doing high-quality work. Despite the growing momentum behind the  >>

Quality of Life, Well-being, and Standard of Living: Definitions and Common Usage

John Carnwath

December 17, 2015


Embarking on our exploration of the arts and well-being, we researched formal definitions and common usage of several overlapping terms used in this larger field of inquiry: well-being, quality  >>

Impact of an Intensive Arts and Culture Internship on Under-served High School Students

Henry Clapp

September 28, 2021


Background On-the-job work experiences are essential for developing students’ interest in future education and careers, as well as their hard and soft career skills. Capable mentors appear to be  >>

The Role of Folk and Traditional Arts Instruction in Supporting Student Learning


The authors investigated the association between participation in Nations in Neighborhoods (NiN), a program of folk and traditional arts instruction, and achievement in English language arts for a  >>

Timely Opportunities: the Long and the Deep

Dr. Dennie Palmer Wolf

January 26, 2021


This essay asks whether we are creating a world in which young people have access to the many kinds of time they need in order to thrive. In  >>

All Hands On Deck: A Call to Action for Arts and Public Health

Alan Brown

January 26, 2021


For nine months during 2020 we navigated the worst crisis to hit the arts and culture sector in modern times. Diminished and weary, we soldiered on valiantly in  >>

The Bottom Line on Film Tax Credits

John Carnwath

January 8, 2014


Excerpted About a year ago the New York Times ran a series of articles on corporate tax breaks, complete with a web-accessible database of state tax incentives for businesses. All  >>

Understanding Support for Individual Artists: Making a Case for National Standards

John Carnwath

Fall 2014

Grantmakers in the Arts Reader

From the introduction For several years, Grantmakers in the Arts (GIA) members have noted the lack of sector-wide information about support for individual artists. Many funders feel that  >>

Spatial Thinking in Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics

Dr. Kristin Michod Gagnier, Dr. Steven John Holochwost, Dr. Kelly R Fisher

August 10, 2021

Journal of Research in Science Teaching

Elementary Teachers’ Beliefs, Perceptions, and Self-efficacy Fostering students’ spatial thinking skills holds great promise for improving Science, Technology, Engineering, and Mathematics (STEM) education. Recent efforts have focused on  >>

To Stream, or Not to Stream?

Joseph H. Kluger, Michael Bronson

Summer 2021


Orchestras raced to put music online during the pandemic as a matter of necessity. But the move to streaming only accelerated a trend that was already underway. As  >>

You Had Me at Hello: Your Media Coverage Goal

Surale Phillips

July 1, 2016


You had me at hello. This is your goal with the media when it comes to easing the pain of your unending quest for coverage. Yes, there are still some  >>

Coaching the Arts Quarterback

Joseph H. Kluger

October 2006


Although modern management gurus Warren Bennis and Peter Drucker have debunked the myth that there is a genetic factor to leadership, it was many years earlier that Vince  >>

All the World’s a Stage: Venues and Settings, and the Role they Play in Shaping Patterns of Arts Participation

Alan Brown

Summer 2012

Grantmakers in the Arts Reader

Why will some people engage with art in one setting, but not another? For example, why will someone watch great drama on television at home, but never darken  >>

Measuring the Intrinsic Impacts of Arts Attendance

Alan Brown, Jennifer L. Novak-Leonard


Cultural Trends

Understanding the value of the arts to individuals, families, and communities has long been a query for policy-makers and researchers. At the core of the value system is  >>

An Architecture of Value

Grantmakers in the Arts Reader

Can you explain, in simple terms, how you or someone you know is changed by listening to music, watching a dance performance, looking at an artwork, or writing  >>

Which US Orchestras Will Survive?

International Arts Manager

The big US orchestras will survive the present economic crisis. So too will the small ones. But what of those orchestras with big ambitions but few resources? How  >>